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  1. The objective of this study was to demonstrate a new, cost-effective method to define the sustainable amounts of harvested wood products in Southeast Asian countries case studies, while avoiding degradation (n...

    Authors: Christopher Potter, Steven Klooster, Vanessa Genovese and Cyrus Hiatt

    Citation: Carbon Balance and Management 2013 8:9

    Content type: Research

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  2. Increases in the spatial extent and density of woody plants relative to herbaceous species have been observed across many ecosystems. These changes can have large effects on ecosystem carbon stocks and therefo...

    Authors: Daniel P Fernandez, Jason C Neff, Cho-ying Huang, Gregory P Asner and Nichole N Barger

    Citation: Carbon Balance and Management 2013 8:8

    Content type: Research

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  3. High fidelity carbon mapping has the potential to greatly advance national resource management and to encourage international action toward climate change mitigation. However, carbon inventories based on field...

    Authors: Gregory P Asner, Joseph Mascaro, Christopher Anderson, David E Knapp, Roberta E Martin, Ty Kennedy-Bowdoin, Michiel van Breugel, Stuart Davies, Jefferson S Hall, Helene C Muller-Landau, Catherine Potvin, Wayne Sousa, Joseph Wright and Eldridge Bermingham

    Citation: Carbon Balance and Management 2013 8:7

    Content type: Research

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  4. Forests contribute to climate change mitigation by storing carbon in tree biomass. The amount of carbon stored in this carbon pool is estimated by using either allometric equations or biomass expansion factors...

    Authors: Carlos Roberto Sanquetta, Jaime Wojciechowski, Ana Paula Dalla Corte, Aurélio Lourenço Rodrigues and Greyce Charllyne Benedet Maas

    Citation: Carbon Balance and Management 2013 8:6

    Content type: Methodology

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  5. A regional-scale sensitivity study has been carried out to investigate the climatic effects of forest cover change in Europe. Applying REMO (regional climate model of the Max Planck Institute for Meteorology),...

    Authors: Borbála Gálos, Stefan Hagemann, Andreas Hänsler, Georg Kindermann, Diana Rechid, Kevin Sieck, Claas Teichmann and Daniela Jacob

    Citation: Carbon Balance and Management 2013 8:3

    Content type: Research

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  6. Forests play an important role in the global carbon flow. They can store carbon and can also provide wood which can substitute other materials. In EU27 the standing biomass is steadily increasing. Increments a...

    Authors: Georg E Kindermann, Stefan Schörghuber, Tapio Linkosalo, Anabel Sanchez, Werner Rammer, Rupert Seidl and Manfred J Lexer

    Citation: Carbon Balance and Management 2013 8:2

    Content type: Research

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  7. The U.S. has been providing national-scale estimates of forest carbon (C) stocks and stock change to meet United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) reporting requirements for years. Althou...

    Authors: Barry Tyler Wilson, Christopher W Woodall and Douglas M Griffith

    Citation: Carbon Balance and Management 2013 8:1

    Content type: Research

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  8. Regrowing tropical forests worldwide sequester important amounts of carbon and restore part of the C emissions emitted by deforestation. However, there are large uncertainties concerning the rates of carbon ac...

    Authors: Carlos A Sierra, Jorge I del Valle and Hector I Restrepo

    Citation: Carbon Balance and Management 2012 7:12

    Content type: Research

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  9. Unmanaged or old-growth forests are of paramount importance for carbon sequestration and thus for the mitigation of climate change among further implications, e.g. biodiversity aspects. Still, the importance o...

    Authors: Joachim Krug, Michael Koehl and Dierk Kownatzki

    Citation: Carbon Balance and Management 2012 7:11

    Content type: Research

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  10. Lidar height data collected by the Geosciences Laser Altimeter System (GLAS) from 2002 to 2008 has the potential to form the basis of a globally consistent sample-based inventory of forest biomass. GLAS lidar ...

    Authors: Sean P Healey, Paul L Patterson, Sassan Saatchi, Michael A Lefsky, Andrew J Lister and Elizabeth A Freeman

    Citation: Carbon Balance and Management 2012 7:10

    Content type: Research

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  11. Forest fuel treatments have been proposed as tools to stabilize carbon stocks in fire-prone forests in the Western U.S.A. Although fuel treatments such as thinning and burning are known to immediately reduce f...

    Authors: Chris H Carlson, Solomon Z Dobrowski and Hugh D Safford

    Citation: Carbon Balance and Management 2012 7:7

    Content type: Research

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  12. Forests of the Midwest U.S. provide numerous ecosystem services. Two of these, carbon sequestration and wood production, are often portrayed as conflicting. Currently, carbon management and biofuel policies ar...

    Authors: Scott D Peckham, Stith T Gower and Joseph Buongiorno

    Citation: Carbon Balance and Management 2012 7:6

    Content type: Research

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  13. No consensus has been reached how to measure the effectiveness of climate change mitigation in the land-use sector and how to prioritize land use accordingly. We used the long-term cumulative and average secto...

    Authors: Hannes Böttcher, Annette Freibauer, Yvonne Scholz, Vincent Gitz, Philippe Ciais, Martina Mund, Thomas Wutzler and Ernst-Detlef Schulze

    Citation: Carbon Balance and Management 2012 7:5

    Content type: Research

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  14. In agricultural regions, streamside forests have been reduced in age and extent, or removed entirely to maximize arable cropland. Restoring and reforesting such riparian zones to mature forest, particularly al...

    Authors: Richard D Rheinhardt, Mark M Brinson, Gregory F Meyer and Kevin H Miller

    Citation: Carbon Balance and Management 2012 7:4

    Content type: Research

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  15. Process based vegetation models are central to understand the hydrological and carbon cycle. To achieve useful results at regional to global scales, such models require various input data from a wide range of ...

    Authors: Markus Tum, Franziska Strauss, Ian McCallum, Kurt Günther and Erwin Schmid

    Citation: Carbon Balance and Management 2012 7:3

    Content type: Research

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  16. Accurate, high-resolution mapping of aboveground carbon density (ACD, Mg C ha-1) could provide insight into human and environmental controls over ecosystem state and functioning, and could support conservation an...

    Authors: Gregory P Asner, John K Clark, Joseph Mascaro, Romuald Vaudry, K Dana Chadwick, Ghislain Vieilledent, Maminiaina Rasamoelina, Aravindh Balaji, Ty Kennedy-Bowdoin, Léna Maatoug, Matthew S Colgan and David E Knapp

    Citation: Carbon Balance and Management 2012 7:2

    Content type: Research

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  17. Global forests capture and store significant amounts of CO2 through photosynthesis. When carbon is removed from forests through harvest, a portion of the harvested carbon is stored in wood products, often for man...

    Authors: Keith D Stockmann, Nathaniel M Anderson, Kenneth E Skog, Sean P Healey, Dan R Loeffler, Greg Jones and James F Morrison

    Citation: Carbon Balance and Management 2012 7:1

    Content type: Research

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  18. Historic carbon emissions are an important foundation for proposed efforts to Reduce Emissions from Deforestation and forest Degradation and enhance forest carbon stocks through conservation and sustainable fo...

    Authors: Douglas C Morton, Marcio H Sales, Carlos M Souza Jr and Bronson Griscom

    Citation: Carbon Balance and Management 2011 6:18

    Content type: Review

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  19. The paper reviews a number of challenges associated with reducing degradation and its related emissions through national approaches to REDD+ under UNFCCC policy. It proposes that in many countries, it may in t...

    Authors: Margaret M Skutsch, Arturo Balderas Torres, Tuyeni H Mwampamba, Adrian Ghilardi and Martin Herold

    Citation: Carbon Balance and Management 2011 6:16

    Content type: Review

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  20. Reducing carbon Emissions from Deforestation and Degradation (REDD+) is of central importance to combat climate change. Foremost among the challenges is quantifying nation's carbon emissions from deforestation...

    Authors: Mehraj A Sheikh, Munesh Kumar, Rainer W Bussman and NP Todaria

    Citation: Carbon Balance and Management 2011 6:15

    Content type: Research

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  21. Standing dead trees are one component of forest ecosystem dead wood carbon (C) pools, whose national stock is estimated by the U.S. as required by the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change. His...

    Authors: Grant M Domke, Christopher W Woodall and James E Smith

    Citation: Carbon Balance and Management 2011 6:14

    Content type: Research

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  22. Measuring forest degradation and related forest carbon stock changes is more challenging than measuring deforestation since degradation implies changes in the structure of the forest and does not entail a chan...

    Authors: Martin Herold, Rosa María Román-Cuesta, Danilo Mollicone, Yasumasa Hirata, Patrick Van Laake, Gregory P Asner, Carlos Souza, Margaret Skutsch, Valerio Avitabile and Ken MacDicken

    Citation: Carbon Balance and Management 2011 6:13

    Content type: Review

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  23. The International Year of Forests, declared by the UN, is a good occasion to discuss approaches to reducing forest degradation in developing countries. The articles collected in Thematic Forest Series form a d...

    Authors: Georgii A Alexandrov

    Citation: Carbon Balance and Management 2011 6:12

    Content type: Editorial

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  24. Quantification of ecosystem services, such as carbon (C) storage, can demonstrate the benefits of managing for both production and habitat conservation in agricultural landscapes. In this study, we evaluated C...

    Authors: John N Williams, Allan D Hollander, A Toby O'Geen, L Ann Thrupp, Robert Hanifin, Kerri Steenwerth, Glenn McGourty and Louise E Jackson

    Citation: Carbon Balance and Management 2011 6:11

    Content type: Research

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  25. Countries willing to adopt a REDD regime need to establish a national Measurement, Reporting and Verification (MRV) system that provides information on forest carbon stocks and carbon stock changes. Due to the...

    Authors: Michael Köhl, Andrew Lister, Charles T Scott, Thomas Baldauf and Daniel Plugge

    Citation: Carbon Balance and Management 2011 6:10

    Content type: Methodology

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  26. The voluntary carbon market is a new and growing market that is increasingly important to consider in managing forestland. Monitoring, reporting, and verifying carbon stocks and fluxes at a project level is th...

    Authors: Jordan Golinkoff, Mark Hanus and Jennifer Carah

    Citation: Carbon Balance and Management 2011 6:9

    Content type: Methodology

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  27. Assessing biomass is gaining increasing interest mainly for bioenergy, climate change research and mitigation activities, such as reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation and the role of co...

    Authors: Valerio Avitabile, Martin Herold, Matieu Henry and Christiane Schmullius

    Citation: Carbon Balance and Management 2011 6:7

    Content type: Research

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  28. The Biomass Expansion Factor (BEF) and the Root-to-Shoot Ratio (R) are variables used to quantify carbon stock in forests. They are often considered as constant or species/area specific values in most studies....

    Authors: Carlos R Sanquetta, Ana PD Corte and Fernando da Silva

    Citation: Carbon Balance and Management 2011 6:6

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  29. This study evaluates the carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gas fluxes to the atmosphere resulting from charcoal production in Zambia. It combines new biomass and flux data from a study, that was conducted in a

    Authors: Werner L Kutsch, Lutz Merbold, Waldemar Ziegler, Mukufute M Mukelabai, Maurice Muchinda, Olaf Kolle and Robert J Scholes

    Citation: Carbon Balance and Management 2011 6:5

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  30. A simulation model based on remote sensing data for spatial vegetation properties has been used to estimate ecosystem carbon fluxes across Yellowstone National Park (YNP). The CASA (Carnegie Ames Stanford Appr...

    Authors: Christopher Potter, Steven Klooster, Robert Crabtree, Shengli Huang, Peggy Gross and Vanessa Genovese

    Citation: Carbon Balance and Management 2011 6:3

    Content type: Research

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  31. Estimates of live-tree carbon stores are influenced by numerous uncertainties. One of them is model-selection uncertainty: one has to choose among multiple empirical equations and conversion factors that can b...

    Authors: Susanna L Melson, Mark E Harmon, Jeremy S Fried and James B Domingo

    Citation: Carbon Balance and Management 2011 6:2

    Content type: Research

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  32. Forests occur across diverse biomes, each of which shows a specific composition of plant communities associated with the particular climate regimes. Predicted future climate change will have impacts on the vul...

    Authors: Michael Köhl, Rüdiger Hildebrandt, Konstantin Olschofksy, Raul Köhler, Thomas Rötzer, Tobias Mette, Hans Pretzsch, Margret Köthke, Matthias Dieter, Mengistu Abiy, Franz Makeschin and Bernhard Kenter

    Citation: Carbon Balance and Management 2010 5:8

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  33. Deforestation and forest degradation in the tropics is a major source of global greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. The tropics also harbour more than half the world's threatened species, raising the possibility t...

    Authors: Gary D Paoli, Philip L Wells, Erik Meijaard, Matthew J Struebig, Andrew J Marshall, Krystof Obidzinski, Aseng Tan, Andjar Rafiastanto, Betsy Yaap, JW Ferry Slik, Alexandra Morel, Balu Perumal, Niels Wielaard, Simon Husson and Laura D'Arcy

    Citation: Carbon Balance and Management 2010 5:7

    Content type: Commentary

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  34. Globally, the loss of forests now contributes almost 20% of carbon dioxide emissions to the atmosphere. There is an immediate need to reduce the current rates of forest loss, and the associated release of carb...

    Authors: Pontus Olofsson, Paata Torchinava, Curtis E Woodcock, Alessandro Baccini, Richard A Houghton, Mutlu Ozdogan, Feng Zhao and Xiaoyuan Yang

    Citation: Carbon Balance and Management 2010 5:4

    Content type: Research

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  35. Since sugarcane areas have increased rapidly in Brazil, the contribution of the sugarcane production, and, especially, of the sugarcane harvest system to the greenhouse gas emissions of the country is an issue...

    Authors: Eduardo Barretto de Figueiredo, Alan Rodrigo Panosso, Rangel Romão and Newton La Scala Jr

    Citation: Carbon Balance and Management 2010 5:3

    Content type: Research

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  36. The 'Copenhagen Accord' fails to deliver the political framework for a fair, ambitious and legally-binding international climate agreement beyond 2012. The current climate policy regime dynamics are insufficie...

    Authors: Michael Huettner, Annette Freibauer, Constanze Haug and Uwe Cantner

    Citation: Carbon Balance and Management 2010 5:2

    Content type: Review

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  37. Until recently, a lot of arable lands were abandoned in many countries of the world and, especially, in Russia, where about half a million square kilometers of arable lands were abandoned in 1961-2007. The soi...

    Authors: Olga Kalinina, Sergey V Goryachkin, Nina A Karavaeva, Dmitriy I Lyuri and Luise Giani

    Citation: Carbon Balance and Management 2010 5:1

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  38. The issues surrounding 'Reduced Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation' (REDD) have become a major component of continuing negotiations under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Cha...

    Authors: Michael Obersteiner, Michael Huettner, Florian Kraxner, Ian McCallum, Kentaro Aoki, Hannes Böttcher, Steffen Fritz, Mykola Gusti, Petr Havlik, Georg Kindermann, Ewald Rametsteiner and Belinda Reyers

    Citation: Carbon Balance and Management 2009 4:11

    Content type: Commentary

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  39. Following recent discussions, there is hope that a mechanism for reduction of emissions from deforestation and forest degradation (REDD) will be agreed by the Parties of the UNFCCC at their 15th meeting in Cop...

    Authors: Michael Köhl, Thomas Baldauf, Daniel Plugge and Joachim Krug

    Citation: Carbon Balance and Management 2009 4:10

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

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