Skip to main content



Page 4 of 5

  1. Content type: Review

    Historic carbon emissions are an important foundation for proposed efforts to Reduce Emissions from Deforestation and forest Degradation and enhance forest carbon stocks through conservation and sustainable fo...

    Authors: Douglas C Morton, Marcio H Sales, Carlos M Souza Jr and Bronson Griscom

    Citation: Carbon Balance and Management 2011 6:18

    Published on:

  2. Content type: Review

    The paper reviews a number of challenges associated with reducing degradation and its related emissions through national approaches to REDD+ under UNFCCC policy. It proposes that in many countries, it may in t...

    Authors: Margaret M Skutsch, Arturo Balderas Torres, Tuyeni H Mwampamba, Adrian Ghilardi and Martin Herold

    Citation: Carbon Balance and Management 2011 6:16

    Published on:

  3. Content type: Research

    Reducing carbon Emissions from Deforestation and Degradation (REDD+) is of central importance to combat climate change. Foremost among the challenges is quantifying nation's carbon emissions from deforestation...

    Authors: Mehraj A Sheikh, Munesh Kumar, Rainer W Bussman and NP Todaria

    Citation: Carbon Balance and Management 2011 6:15

    Published on:

  4. Content type: Research

    Standing dead trees are one component of forest ecosystem dead wood carbon (C) pools, whose national stock is estimated by the U.S. as required by the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change. His...

    Authors: Grant M Domke, Christopher W Woodall and James E Smith

    Citation: Carbon Balance and Management 2011 6:14

    Published on:

  5. Content type: Review

    Measuring forest degradation and related forest carbon stock changes is more challenging than measuring deforestation since degradation implies changes in the structure of the forest and does not entail a chan...

    Authors: Martin Herold, Rosa María Román-Cuesta, Danilo Mollicone, Yasumasa Hirata, Patrick Van Laake, Gregory P Asner, Carlos Souza, Margaret Skutsch, Valerio Avitabile and Ken MacDicken

    Citation: Carbon Balance and Management 2011 6:13

    Published on:

  6. Content type: Editorial

    The International Year of Forests, declared by the UN, is a good occasion to discuss approaches to reducing forest degradation in developing countries. The articles collected in Thematic Forest Series form a d...

    Authors: Georgii A Alexandrov

    Citation: Carbon Balance and Management 2011 6:12

    Published on:

  7. Content type: Research

    Quantification of ecosystem services, such as carbon (C) storage, can demonstrate the benefits of managing for both production and habitat conservation in agricultural landscapes. In this study, we evaluated C...

    Authors: John N Williams, Allan D Hollander, A Toby O'Geen, L Ann Thrupp, Robert Hanifin, Kerri Steenwerth, Glenn McGourty and Louise E Jackson

    Citation: Carbon Balance and Management 2011 6:11

    Published on:

  8. Content type: Methodology

    Countries willing to adopt a REDD regime need to establish a national Measurement, Reporting and Verification (MRV) system that provides information on forest carbon stocks and carbon stock changes. Due to the...

    Authors: Michael Köhl, Andrew Lister, Charles T Scott, Thomas Baldauf and Daniel Plugge

    Citation: Carbon Balance and Management 2011 6:10

    Published on:

  9. Content type: Methodology

    The voluntary carbon market is a new and growing market that is increasingly important to consider in managing forestland. Monitoring, reporting, and verifying carbon stocks and fluxes at a project level is th...

    Authors: Jordan Golinkoff, Mark Hanus and Jennifer Carah

    Citation: Carbon Balance and Management 2011 6:9

    Published on:

  10. Content type: Research

    Assessing biomass is gaining increasing interest mainly for bioenergy, climate change research and mitigation activities, such as reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation and the role of co...

    Authors: Valerio Avitabile, Martin Herold, Matieu Henry and Christiane Schmullius

    Citation: Carbon Balance and Management 2011 6:7

    Published on:

  11. Content type: Research

    The Biomass Expansion Factor (BEF) and the Root-to-Shoot Ratio (R) are variables used to quantify carbon stock in forests. They are often considered as constant or species/area specific values in most studies....

    Authors: Carlos R Sanquetta, Ana PD Corte and Fernando da Silva

    Citation: Carbon Balance and Management 2011 6:6

    Published on:

  12. Content type: Research

    This study evaluates the carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gas fluxes to the atmosphere resulting from charcoal production in Zambia. It combines new biomass and flux data from a study, that was conducted in a

    Authors: Werner L Kutsch, Lutz Merbold, Waldemar Ziegler, Mukufute M Mukelabai, Maurice Muchinda, Olaf Kolle and Robert J Scholes

    Citation: Carbon Balance and Management 2011 6:5

    Published on:

  13. Content type: Research

    A simulation model based on remote sensing data for spatial vegetation properties has been used to estimate ecosystem carbon fluxes across Yellowstone National Park (YNP). The CASA (Carnegie Ames Stanford Appr...

    Authors: Christopher Potter, Steven Klooster, Robert Crabtree, Shengli Huang, Peggy Gross and Vanessa Genovese

    Citation: Carbon Balance and Management 2011 6:3

    Published on:

  14. Content type: Research

    Estimates of live-tree carbon stores are influenced by numerous uncertainties. One of them is model-selection uncertainty: one has to choose among multiple empirical equations and conversion factors that can b...

    Authors: Susanna L Melson, Mark E Harmon, Jeremy S Fried and James B Domingo

    Citation: Carbon Balance and Management 2011 6:2

    Published on:

  15. Content type: Research

    Forests occur across diverse biomes, each of which shows a specific composition of plant communities associated with the particular climate regimes. Predicted future climate change will have impacts on the vul...

    Authors: Michael Köhl, Rüdiger Hildebrandt, Konstantin Olschofksy, Raul Köhler, Thomas Rötzer, Tobias Mette, Hans Pretzsch, Margret Köthke, Matthias Dieter, Mengistu Abiy, Franz Makeschin and Bernhard Kenter

    Citation: Carbon Balance and Management 2010 5:8

    Published on:

  16. Content type: Commentary

    Deforestation and forest degradation in the tropics is a major source of global greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. The tropics also harbour more than half the world's threatened species, raising the possibility t...

    Authors: Gary D Paoli, Philip L Wells, Erik Meijaard, Matthew J Struebig, Andrew J Marshall, Krystof Obidzinski, Aseng Tan, Andjar Rafiastanto, Betsy Yaap, JW Ferry Slik, Alexandra Morel, Balu Perumal, Niels Wielaard, Simon Husson and Laura D'Arcy

    Citation: Carbon Balance and Management 2010 5:7

    Published on:

  17. Content type: Research

    Globally, the loss of forests now contributes almost 20% of carbon dioxide emissions to the atmosphere. There is an immediate need to reduce the current rates of forest loss, and the associated release of carb...

    Authors: Pontus Olofsson, Paata Torchinava, Curtis E Woodcock, Alessandro Baccini, Richard A Houghton, Mutlu Ozdogan, Feng Zhao and Xiaoyuan Yang

    Citation: Carbon Balance and Management 2010 5:4

    Published on:

  18. Content type: Research

    Since sugarcane areas have increased rapidly in Brazil, the contribution of the sugarcane production, and, especially, of the sugarcane harvest system to the greenhouse gas emissions of the country is an issue...

    Authors: Eduardo Barretto de Figueiredo, Alan Rodrigo Panosso, Rangel Romão and Newton La Scala Jr

    Citation: Carbon Balance and Management 2010 5:3

    Published on:

  19. Content type: Review

    The 'Copenhagen Accord' fails to deliver the political framework for a fair, ambitious and legally-binding international climate agreement beyond 2012. The current climate policy regime dynamics are insufficie...

    Authors: Michael Huettner, Annette Freibauer, Constanze Haug and Uwe Cantner

    Citation: Carbon Balance and Management 2010 5:2

    Published on:

  20. Content type: Research

    Until recently, a lot of arable lands were abandoned in many countries of the world and, especially, in Russia, where about half a million square kilometers of arable lands were abandoned in 1961-2007. The soi...

    Authors: Olga Kalinina, Sergey V Goryachkin, Nina A Karavaeva, Dmitriy I Lyuri and Luise Giani

    Citation: Carbon Balance and Management 2010 5:1

    Published on:

  21. Content type: Commentary

    The issues surrounding 'Reduced Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation' (REDD) have become a major component of continuing negotiations under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Cha...

    Authors: Michael Obersteiner, Michael Huettner, Florian Kraxner, Ian McCallum, Kentaro Aoki, Hannes Böttcher, Steffen Fritz, Mykola Gusti, Petr Havlik, Georg Kindermann, Ewald Rametsteiner and Belinda Reyers

    Citation: Carbon Balance and Management 2009 4:11

    Published on:

  22. Content type: Research

    Following recent discussions, there is hope that a mechanism for reduction of emissions from deforestation and forest degradation (REDD) will be agreed by the Parties of the UNFCCC at their 15th meeting in Cop...

    Authors: Michael Köhl, Thomas Baldauf, Daniel Plugge and Joachim Krug

    Citation: Carbon Balance and Management 2009 4:10

    Published on:

  23. Content type: Research

    Although significant amounts of carbon may be stored in harvested wood products, the extraction of that carbon from the forest generally entails combustion of fossil fuels. The transport of timber from the for...

    Authors: Sean P Healey, Jock A Blackard, Todd A Morgan, Dan Loeffler, Greg Jones, Jon Songster, Jason P Brandt, Gretchen G Moisen and Larry T DeBlander

    Citation: Carbon Balance and Management 2009 4:9

    Published on:

  24. Content type: Review

    Production efficiency models (PEMs) are based on the theory of light use efficiency (LUE) which states that a relatively constant relationship exists between photosynthetic carbon uptake and radiation receipt ...

    Authors: Ian McCallum, Wolfgang Wagner, Christiane Schmullius, Anatoly Shvidenko, Michael Obersteiner, Steffen Fritz and Sten Nilsson

    Citation: Carbon Balance and Management 2009 4:8

    Published on:

  25. Content type: Research

    Negotiations on a future climate policy framework addressing Reduced Emissions from Deforestation and Degradation (REDD) are ongoing. Regardless of how such a framework will be designed, many technical solutio...

    Authors: Hannes Böttcher, Katja Eisbrenner, Steffen Fritz, Georg Kindermann, Florian Kraxner, Ian McCallum and Michael Obersteiner

    Citation: Carbon Balance and Management 2009 4:7

    Published on:

  26. Content type: Research

    The Himalayan zones, with dense forest vegetation, cover a fifth part of India and store a third part of the country reserves of soil organic carbon (SOC). However, the details of altitudinal distribution of t...

    Authors: Mehraj A Sheikh, Munesh Kumar and Rainer W Bussmann

    Citation: Carbon Balance and Management 2009 4:6

    Published on:

  27. Content type: Research

    The Accra climate change talks held from 21–27 August 2008 in Accra, Ghana, were part of an ongoing series of meetings leading up to the Copenhagen meeting in December 2009. During the meeting a set of options...

    Authors: Joachim Krug, Michael Koehl, Thomas Riedel, Kristin Bormann, Sebastian Rueter and Peter Elsasser

    Citation: Carbon Balance and Management 2009 4:5

    Published on:

  28. Content type: Research

    A mechanism for emission reductions from deforestation and degradation (REDD) is very likely to be included in a future climate agreement. The choice of REDD baseline methodologies will crucially influence the...

    Authors: Michael Huettner, Rik Leemans, Kasper Kok and Johannes Ebeling

    Citation: Carbon Balance and Management 2009 4:4

    Published on:

  29. Content type: Methodology

    One controversial issue in the larger cap-and-trade debate is the proper use and certification of carbon offsets related to changes in land management. Advocates of an expanded offset supply claim that inclusi...

    Authors: Bryan K Mignone, Matthew D Hurteau, Yihsu Chen and Brent Sohngen

    Citation: Carbon Balance and Management 2009 4:3

    Published on:

  30. Content type: Review

    Mapping and monitoring carbon stocks in forested regions of the world, particularly the tropics, has attracted a great deal of attention in recent years as deforestation and forest degradation account for up t...

    Authors: Scott J Goetz, Alessandro Baccini, Nadine T Laporte, Tracy Johns, Wayne Walker, Josef Kellndorfer, Richard A Houghton and Mindy Sun

    Citation: Carbon Balance and Management 2009 4:2

    Published on:

  31. Content type: Research

    Forests can sequester carbon dioxide, thereby reducing atmospheric concentrations and slowing global warming. In the U.S., forest carbon stocks have increased as a result of regrowth following land abandonment...

    Authors: Matthew D Hurteau, Bruce A Hungate and George W Koch

    Citation: Carbon Balance and Management 2009 4:1

    Published on:

  32. Content type: Research

    The biosphere models of terrestrial productivity are essential for projecting climate change and assessing mitigation and adaptation options. Many of them have been developed in connection to the International...

    Authors: Georgii A Alexandrov and Tsuneo Matsunaga

    Citation: Carbon Balance and Management 2008 3:8

    Published on:

  33. Content type: Research

    Large spatial, seasonal and annual variability of major drivers of the carbon cycle (precipitation, temperature, fire regime and nutrient availability) are common in the Sahel region. This causes large variabi...

    Authors: Jonas Ardö, Meelis Mölder, Bashir Awad El-Tahir and Hatim Abdalla Mohammed Elkhidir

    Citation: Carbon Balance and Management 2008 3:7

    Published on:

  34. Content type: Research

    Carbon plantations are introduced in climate change policy as an option to slow the build-up of atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO2) concentrations. Here we present a methodology to evaluate the potential effectivene...

    Authors: Jelle G van Minnen, Bart J Strengers, Bas Eickhout, Rob J Swart and Rik Leemans

    Citation: Carbon Balance and Management 2008 3:3

    Published on:

  35. Content type: Research

    To mitigate global climate change, a portfolio of strategies will be needed to keep the atmospheric CO2 concentration below a dangerous level. Here a carbon sequestration strategy is proposed in which certain dea...

    Authors: Ning Zeng

    Citation: Carbon Balance and Management 2008 3:1

    Published on:

  36. Content type: Research

    Wildfires are an increasingly important component of the forces that drive the global carbon (C) cycle and climate change as progressive warming is expected in boreal areas. This study estimated C emissions fr...

    Authors: Zhengxi Tan, Larry L Tieszen, Zhiliang Zhu, Shuguang Liu and Stephen M Howard

    Citation: Carbon Balance and Management 2007 2:12

    Published on:

  37. Content type: Editorial

    The 50-year global CO2 record led the way in establishing a scientific fact: modern civilization is changing important properties of the global atmosphere, oceans and biosphere. The evidence on which this scienti...

    Authors: Georgii A Alexandrov, Martin Heimann, Chris D Jones and Pieter Tans

    Citation: Carbon Balance and Management 2007 2:11

    Published on:

  38. Content type: Research

    A simulation model that relies on satellite observations of vegetation cover from the Landsat 7 sensor and from the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) was used to estimate net primary produc...

    Authors: Christopher Potter, Peggy Gross, Vanessa Genovese and Marie-Louise Smith

    Citation: Carbon Balance and Management 2007 2:9

    Published on:

Annual Journal Metrics