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Table 5 Mean carbon values of the components of each carbon pool (± standard deviation) [aboveground (AG), belowground (BG) and SOC], for each land use within each location

From: Impacts of pine plantations on carbon stocks of páramo sites in southern Ecuador

Location (m a.s.l.) Land use Aboveground C (t/ha) Belowground C (t/ha) SOC (t/ha) Carbon stock (AG + BG + SOC)
(hebs + shrubs + litter + dead wood) Pines Total AG Roots Pine roots Total BG 0–15 cm 15–30 cm 30–45 cm Total SOC
Irquis (2800) NG 15.0 (3.8)a   15.0 (3.8)b 1.2   1.2 (0.4)b 85.8 (21.1)a 72.8 (17.0)a 61.1 (14.9)a 219.7 (50.7)a 235.9 (48.1)a
G 9.0 (2.7)b   9.0 (2.7)c 0.6   0.6 (0.3)c 67.5 (11.4)a 58.1 (11.7)a 46.0 (12.8)a 171.5 (32.5)a 181.1 (33.6)b
Pi 14.5 (5.7)ab 91.7 106.2 (14.8)a 2.7 4.4 7.1 (1.1)a 46.4 (12.3)b 39.4 (6.3)b 32.8 (3.4)b 118.6 (21.4)b 231.9 (30.7)a
Nero (3230) NG 21.3 (12.6)a   21.3 (12.6)b 4.4   4.4 (1.7)b 109.8 (23.0)a 105.6 (15.1)a 94.0 (17.8)a 309.4 (46.4)a 335.1 (52.9)a
G 18.3 (5.5)a   18.3 (5.5)b 1.4   1.4 (0.3)c 142.9 (53.1)a 114.8 (30.0)a 106.0 (15.6)a 363.7 (85.1)a 383.4 (81.8)a
Pi 16.9 (7.4)a 51.6 68.5 (15.6)a 2.6 3.5 6.1 (1.2)a 106.9 (19.8)a 105.6 (12.3)a 105.4 (23.1)a 317.9 (45.7)a 392.5 (52.1)a
La Paz (3340) NG 25.1 (18.4)a   25.1 (18.4)b 2.9   2.9 (1.4)b 101.2 (18.0)a 95.8 (15.2)a 77.4 (10.9)a 274.5 (42.4)a 302.5 (42.8)a
G 6.3 (1.4)b   6.3 (1.4)c 1.5   1.5 (0.3)c 94.9 (26.4)a 89.1 (24.1)a 84.0 (31.9)a 267.9 (81.5)ab 275.7 (80.6)a
Pi 13.9 (2.4)a 54.7 68.6 (22.0)a 2.7 4.0 6.7 (1.6)a 77.8 (18.4)a 81.3 (14.3)a 65.5 (7.0)a 224.6 (28.9)b 299.9 (35.1)a
Tutupali Chico (3450) NG 28.0 (17.2)a   28.0 (17.2)b 3.1   3.1 (1.5)b 135.2 (15.0)a 124.7 (13.2)a 113.3 (16.0)a 373.2 (24.5)a 404.3 (33.7)a
G 8.5 (4.5)b   8.5 (4.5)c 1.4   1.4 (0.3)c 125.6 (14.2)a 124.6 (7.8)a 103.8 (7.1)a 354.0 (24.2)a 363.9 (22.6)b
Pi 9.1 (1.7)b 50.0 59.1 (19.0)a 4.5 3.5 8.0 (1.6)a 123.4 (20.5)a 102.6 (10.6)b 88.7 (13.5)b 314.7 (27.5)b 381.8 (32.9)ab
Tutupali Grande (3480) NG 18.8 (15.2)a   18.8 (15.2)b 2.3   2.3 (0.5)b 99.8 (18.0)a 79.1 (27.0)a 78.6 (25.3)a 257.5 (49.5)a 278.6 (54.4)a
G 9.5 (4.8)ab   9.5 (4.8)b 1.2   1.2 (1.3)b 95.0 (52.9)a 96.8 (8.7)a 72.7 (38.0)a 264.5 (92.2)a 275.2 (92.4)a
Pi1 9.0 (4.1)ab 46.2 55.2 (12.9)a 1.9 3.5 5.4 (0.3)a 117.5 (46.6)a 101.0 (39.9)a 80.4 (33.6)a 299.0 (119.2)a 359.6 (120.4)a
Pi2 6.0 (2.6)b 34.2 40.2 (12.9)a 1.9 3.1 5.0 (1.3)a 118.9 (29.3)a 113.8 (23.8)a 72.0 (5.7)a 304.7 (51.8)a 349.9 (49.9)a
Quimsacocha (3640) NG 15.2 (6.6)a   15.2 (6.6)b 1.8   1.8 (0.3)b 114.6 (18.8)a 110.5 (19.3)a 95.6 (22.2)a 320.7 (58.7)a 337.7 (55.1)a
G 4.7 (1.2)b   4.7 (1.2)c 0.4   0.4 (0.4)c 130.9 (14.3)a 114.2 (36.3)a 91.9 (24.9)a 337.0 (52.9)a 342.1 (53.5)a
Pi 14.8 (2.6)a 14.8 29.6 (15.4)a 5.5 1.8 7.3 (2.9)a 93.3 (12.2)b 109.0 (25.3)a 89.4 (23.1)a 291.7 (38.4)a 328.6 (49.8)a
Soldados (3720) NG 38.2 (28.5)a   38.2 (28.5)a 3.0   3.0 (2.3)b 88.0 (28.7)b 70.0 (21.6)a 16.1 (10.1)a 174.0 (50.0)b 215.2 (60.9)a
G 7.5 (1.2)b   7.5 (1.2)b 3.8   3.8 (0.4)b 115.2 (14.3)ab 90.4 (36.3)a 14.1 (24.9)a 219.6 (52.9)ab 230.9 (53.5)a
Pi1 22.6 (10.4)a 12.6 35.2 (9.9)a 4.5 1.6 6.1 (0.6)a 120.4 (7.5)a 94.5 (20.7)a 13.1 (4.1)a 228.0 (25.1)a 269.3 (29.9)a
Pi2 23.3 (4.5)a 12.5 35.8 (11.5)a 8.5 1.4 9.9 (4.6)a 119.0 (22.9)a 90.5 (27.8)a 13.3 (2.8)a 222.7 (44.6)ab 268.4 (51.2)a
  1. NG natural grassland, G grazed páramo, Pi pine plantation
  2. Different letters are significantly different from each other (p < 0.05)
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