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Table 2 Summary of annual carbon (C) increment in woody biomass of winegrape vines by site, management type, varietal and vine age as measured in the years 2017 and 2018

From: Ecosystem services in vineyard landscapes: a focus on aboveground carbon storage and accumulation

Mgmt-Site Varietal Vine Age (2017) 2018 KgC/vine Percent C Increment Std Dev
O-1 CS 17 4.26 2.4% 3.0%
O-1 PS 17 3.22 − 3.4% NA
O-1 Sy 17 2.78 10.1% 11.2%
O-1 Zi 17 3.22 4.3% NA
O-2 Ch 25 5.65 11.7% NA
O-2 Ch 26 5.95 25.4% NA
O-2 Ch 27 6.50 24.3% NA
O-3 CS 18 3.71 11.5% NA
O-3 CS 20 2.47 15.7% NA
O-3 CS 21 3.35 − 2.8% NA
O-4 Ch 22 5.98 20.7% NA
O-4 Ch 30 6.22 30.9% NA
O-4 SB 13 3.54 23.0% NA
O-4 Vi 30 4.39 29.5% NA
O-5 Ch 16 3.54 17.2% 11.7%
O-6 CS 5 0.91 74.6% 19.3%
O-6 Me 23 3.12 − 1.8% 14.3%
O-6 PS 3 0.28 149.0% NA
O-7 CS 19 2.93 6.8% 21.6%
O-8 Ch 10 1.62 50.7% NA
O-8 Ch 29 5.42 26.1% NA
O-9 CS 5 1.12 50.0% 22.8%
O-9 Ch 5 0.48 55.4% NA
O-9 PS 14 1.75 25.3% NA
O-9 Sa 14 4.70 17.0% NA
O-9 Vi 22 6.21 81.4% 13.4%
O-9 Zi 14 2.60 26.7% 0.3%
B-1 CS 8 2.13 63.0% NA
B-1 Ch 16 2.02 43.7% 0.6%
B-1 Mu 8 1.38 55.9% NA
B-1 Ro 16 3.01 17.5% NA
B-1 SB 13 2.67 51.0% 5.6%
B-2 CS 16 2.14 12.8% NA
B-2 Gr 16 3.39 18.7% NA
B-2 PS 5 1.53 44.3% NA
B-2 PS 15 2.67 16.2% 5.7%
B-2 PV 15 1.91 17.7% 10.8%
B-2 PN 2 0.10 156.2% 28.5%
B-2 PN 6 0.66 69.0% NA
B-2 Sy 15 2.05 31.0% 4.9%
B-2 Sy 16 0.75 58.0% NA
B-2 Zi 15 1.92 27.6% 22.7%
B-3 CS 5 0.77 90.1% 4.2%
B-3 CS 14 2.38 21.6% NA
B-3 CS 19 3.07 7.3% 12.7%
B-3 Ch 22 2.81 8.1% 15.7%
B-3 Me 2 0.10 362.1% NA
B-3 Me 21 2.34 5.1% NA
B-3 Me 23 2.23 24.6% NA
B-3 PS 4 1.23 120.9% NA
B-3 PN 5 1.10 88.5% NA
  1. Standard deviations are given where there were multiple blocks on a site planted with the same aged varietal. O, organic; B, biodynamic; CS, Cabernet Sauvignon; Ch, Chardonnay; Gr, Grenache; Me, Merlot; Mu, Muscat; PS, Petite Sirah; PV, Petit Verdot; PN, Pinot Noir; Ro, Rousanne; Sa, Sangiovese; SB, Sauvignon Blanc; Sy, Syrah; Vi, Viognier; Zi, Zinfandel