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Table 4 Annual net CO2 fluxes (Fc) from suburban and urban residential areas in the literature

From: Comparative assessment of net CO2 exchange across an urbanization gradient in Korea based on eddy covariance measurements

Location Vegetation fraction, Fv (%) Population density, P (inh km−2) Fc (kg CO2 m−2 year−1) Fc/P (t C year−1 inh−1) References
Seoul, Korea 40 15,000 10.1 0.18 This study
Ochang, Korea 64 770 3.7 1.31 This study
Tokyo, Japan 21 11,800 12.3 0.28 [52]
Tokyo, Japan 5.5a 16,600 15.8 0.26 [55]
Beijing, China 15 1309 18.0 3.75 [58]
Singapore 15 7491 6.5 0.24 [53]
Melbourne, Australia 38 2939 8.5 0.79 [5]
Helsinki, Finland 44 3262 6.5 0.54 [54]
Arnhem, Netherlands 12 8425 29.3 0.95 [48]
Swindon, UK 44 4700 6.4 0.37 [7]
Vancouver, Canada 35 6420 24.6 1.05 [56]
Montreal, Canada (URB) 29 8400 20.4 0.66 [6]
Montreal, Canada (SUB) 50 3150 5.2 0.45
Baltimore, USA 67 1500 1.3 0.24 [61]
  1. aVegetation fractions in summer and winter are equally averaged