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Table 2 Countermeasures in the agriculture sector

From: GHG mitigation in Agriculture, Forestry and Other Land Use (AFOLU) sector in Thailand

Emission sources Mitigation options Unit Cost/unit (in 2010 US$) Mitigation (tCO2eq/unit/year) References
Enteric fermentation Improved feeding (replacing roughage with concentrates) Head − 21.2 0.45 [18, 19]
High genetic merit Head 0 0.32 [32,33,34]
Manure management Dome digester Heada 44 0.62 [35]
Daily spread of manure Head 2.2 0.33 [35]
Rice cultivation Midseason drainage Hectare 0 0.36 [9, 32]
Incorporation of off-season rice straw Hectare 0 0.45 [9, 32]
Replace urea with ammonium sulphate Hectare 1.5 0.12 [9, 32]
Managed soils High-efficiency fertilizer application Hectare 32 0.65 [9]
Slow-release fertilizer application Hectare 2150 0.76 [35]
Tillage and residue management Hectare 5 0.08 [36]
  1. aThe dome digester cost has been converted into cost per head by dividing the cost by number of cows/buffaloes