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Table 4 Substitution coefficients and lifetime expectancy of wood products

From: Carbon costs and benefits of France’s biomass energy production targets

Wood products Lifetime expectancy Substitution coefficient
Value (years) References tC/tC Reference
Timber 50 [92] 1.2 FCBA (pers.comm.)
Paper (44% of pulp and paper) 4 0 FCBA (pers.comm.)
Pulp (56% of pulp and paper) 0.53 FCBA (pers.comm.)
Energy 1.7 [97] 0.5 In substitution to: gas at 81%, oil at 15%, coal at 3%, electricity at 0.4% and GPL at 0.4% [98]