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Table 2 Removal factors (tons CO2 ha−1 year−1) and associated uncertainty (CI95) of the natural regeneration, agroforestry, and mangrove restoration FLR activities and subcategories, for stand ages of 0–20 years and 20–60 years

From: Global carbon dioxide removal rates from forest landscape restoration activities

FLR activity Climatic region 0–20 years 20–60 years
Removal rate (t CO2 ha−1 year−1) Half CI95 Removal rate (t CO2 ha−1 year−1) Half CI95
Natural regeneration
 Asia and Oceania Humid 11.9 3.0 17.3 1.2
Dry 10.3 1.7 3.5 0.9
 Europe All 9.8 1.7 4.5 0.8
 Africa Humid 17.4 2.1 7.9 1.7
 North America Humid 11.1 3.3 10.9 1.8
Dry 9.1 2.1 8.2 1.2
 Central America and Caribbean Humid 11.9 1.7 7.1 1.5
Dry 10.4 1.4 0.2 0.7
 South America Humid 18.8 2.0 5.2 1.4
Dry 13.8 3.3 3.1 1.6
Agroforestry
 Africa All 10.8 1.7 0.1 0.8
 Asia All 14.0 2.5 0.0 0.4
 Latin America and Caribbean All 15.6 2.7 0.6 0.2
Mangrove restoration
 Tree Tropical 23.1 2.9 10.7 2.3
 Shrub Tropical and subtropical 6.7 1.5 1.7 0.5