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Table 4 Livestock C fluxes by region for year 2011

From: Revised methane emissions factors and spatially distributed annual carbon fluxes for global livestock

2011 livestock C fluxes ± 1 SE Region
Africa E.–S.E. Asia E. Europe, W. Asia, and Central Asia Latin America Oceania S. Asia US and Canada W. Europe Globe
Intake C (Tg C) 415 ± 52.2 610.7 ± 67.8 261 ± 31.8 559.5 ± 80.4 76.6 ± 10.5 451.2 ± 66.7 256.1 ± 34 195.7 ± 26.3 2825.7 ± 369.8
Manure production C (Tg C) 176.4 ± 30.8 219.8 ± 35.4 111.4 ± 19.2 259.1 ± 49.5 34.7 ± 6.2 197.4 ± 37.8 99.8 ± 18.4 82.5 ± 15 1181.1 ± 212.4
Enteric Fermentation CH4 C (Tg C) 12.69 ± 1.94 10.5 ± 1.61 6.16 ± 0.94 20.26 ± 3.1 2.97 ± 0.45 16.89 ± 2.58 5.64 ± 0.86 4.56 ± 0.7 79.67 ± 12.19
Manure Management CH4 C (Tg C) 0.45 ± 0.07 1.53 ± 0.23 0.73 ± 0.11 1.63 ± 0.25 0.21 ± 0.03 1.39 ± 0.21 2.16 ± 0.33 1.58 ± 0.24 9.68 ± 1.48
Total CH4 C 13.14 ± 2.01 12.03 ± 1.84 6.89 ± 1.05 21.89 ± 3.35 3.18 ± 0.49 18.29 ± 2.8 7.79 ± 1.19 6.14 ± 0.94 89.35 ± 13.67
Milk and egg production C (Tg C) 3.41 ± 0.84 8.34 ± 1.95 9.52 ± 2.35 4.75 ± 1.15 2.32 ± 0.58 9.9 ± 2.46 7.27 ± 1.79 10.21 ± 2.53 55.73 ± 13.65
Respiration CO2 C (Tg C) 222.5 ± 87.7 372 ± 108.3 133.9 ± 55.4 275.4 ± 137.1 36.6 ± 18.4 227 ± 112 143.3 ± 56.3 98.5 ± 45.4 1509.2 ± 620.6
Manure management CO2 C (Tg C) 176 ± 31 218.3 ± 35.8 110.7 ± 19.5 257.4 ± 50 34.5 ± 6.3 196 ± 38.2 97.7 ± 19 80.9 ± 15.5 1171.4 ± 215.3
Available fodder (Tg C) 83 260.5 212.7 157.3 8.6 231.6 136.6 156.9 1247.2
Unused/waste foddera 4.9 8.6 38.4 0 0 0.5 0 19.4 71.8
Fodder intakea (Tg C) 78.1 251.9 174.2 157.3 8.6 231.1 136.6 137.6 1175.4
Forage intakea (Tg C) 336.9 358.7 86.8 402.1 68 220.1 119.5 58.2 1650.3
% of intake from forage 81.2 58.7 33.2 71.9 88.8 48.8 46.7 29.7 58.4
  1. aUnused/waste fodder occurs when the amount of available fodder C is greater than livestock feed requirements per nation in a given year. In 2011, this occurred in: the Czech Republic, Denmark, Egypt, Germany, Hungary, Japan, Kazakhstan, Malaysia, the Russian Federation, Slovakia, Sri Lanka, and the Ukraine, and could be due to waste, stockpiling, misreporting, or other errors. Actual fodder losses per nation were not estimated