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Table 2 Overview of countries with natural disturbance events simulated by the CBM (F fire, S storms and ice sleets, I insect attacks), with information on input data used for storms (country data, National Inventory Reports, NIR or the FORESTORMS database [31] and the average annual burned area

From: Modelling forest carbon stock changes as affected by harvest and natural disturbances. I. Comparison with countries’ estimates for forest management

Country Natural disturb. Storms, ice and insect disturbances Fires
Source Vol. affecteda (Mm3 year−1) Area burnedb (kha year−1)
Austria S + I Vol. based on country data 4.1
Belgium   
Bulgaria   
Croatia F    2.3
Czech Rep. F    0.5
Denmark S Vol. based on country data 0.5
Estonia S Area and vol. based on NIR 0.7
Finland S Vol. based on FORESTORMS 0.6
France S Area and vol. based on FORESTORMS 18.3
Germany S Vol. based on FORESTORMS 6.2
Greece F    6.0
Hungary   
Ireland F    0.4
Italy F    35.0
Latvia S Vol. based on FORESTORMS 0.7
Lithuania S + F + I Vol. based on the NIR + FORESTORMS 0.2 0.3
Luxembourg S Vol. based on FORESTORMS <0.1
Netherlands S Vol. based on FORESTORMS <0.1
Poland S Vol. based on FORESTORMS 0.4
Portugal F    49.1
Romania   
Slovakia S + F Vol. based on FORESTORMS + country data 0.8 0.6
Slovenia S + F Vol. based on country data <0.1 0.1
Spain F    35.3
Sweden S Vol. based on FORESTORMS + country data 7.1
United K. S + F Vol. based on FORESTORMS <0.1 3.5
  22 countries   39.6* 134.0
  1. aAverage volume affected by storms, ice and insects between 2000–2012, as reported by the input data used by CBM. The interannual variations of these disturbances can vary considerably among countries (i.e., in many cases disturbances are concentrated in few big events). In some cases, further damages were considered before 2000
  2. bAverage area affected by fires between 2000–2012, mainly based on the data reported by National Inventory Reports*