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Table 1 Summary of the main parameters applied by the CBM model for each country

From: Modelling forest carbon stock changes as affected by harvest and natural disturbances. I. Comparison with countries’ estimates for forest management

Country Original NFI year Time step 0 (years) CBM FM area (Mha)a Harvest rate (av. 2000–2012, Mm3) County specific biomass equations
Austria 2008 1998 3.2 22.9 X
Belgium 1999 1999 0.7 4.3  
Bulgaria 2000 2000 3.2 5.3  
Croatia 2006b 1996 2.0 4.6  
Czech Republic 2000 2000 2.6 17.0 X
Denmark 2004 1994 0.5 2.3  
Estonia 2000 2000 2.1 7.9  
Finland 1999 1999 21.7 55.0  
France 2008 1998 14.6 54.9  
Germany 2002 1992 10.6 74.7 X
Greece 1992b 1992 1.2 1.6  
Hungary 2008 1998 1.6 6.2 X
Ireland 2005 1995 0.5 2.8  
Italy 2005 1995 7.4 10.2 X
Latvia 2009 1999 3.2 15.8 X
Lithuania 2006 1996 2.0 7.7  
Luxembourg 1999 1999 0.1 0.3  
Netherlands 1997 1997 0.3 1.2  
Poland 1993 1993 8.9 37.8  
Portugal 2005 1995 3.6 12.2 X
Romania 1985 1985 6.6 17.2 X
Slovakia 2000 2000 1.9 9.0  
Slovenia 2000 2000 1.1 3.3  
Spain 2002 1992 12.6 16.8  
Sweden 2006 1996 22.6 79.5  
United Kingd. 1997 1997 2.5 9.8  
EU    137.9 480.7 8 countries
  1. The table reports the NFI original reference year; the year since the model was applied; the FM area used by CBM at time step 0; the average harvest rate used; the countries where specific equations to convert the merchantable volume into aboveground biomass were selected. Two countries were not modeled: Cyprus (no NFI data available) and Malta (very small forest area, mainly covered by shrub lands)
  2. aFM area used by CBM at time step 0. According to KP rules, FM is the area of forest in 1990, decreased by any subsequent deforestation. The FM area is taken from the official submissions made by countries to UNFCCC/Kyoto Protocol [18, 29], giving priority to data from KP-CRF tables when available (i.e., if FM had been elected during the first KP commitment period), or alternatively taking data from the Convention CRF tables (using ‘forest land remaining forest land’ in 1990 as a proxy for FM). To obtain FM area at time step 0, the D area reported by all countries under the Kyoto Protocol was used. Please note that CBM runs did not include forests reported as “not productive” (e.g., 0.4 Mha in Austria, 0.02 Mha in Bulgaria, 5 Mha in Sweden) and overseas territories (8.2 Mha in France)
  3. bAnalysis based on data from Forest Management Plans