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Table 7 Results of sensitivity analysis: emissions (kg CO2)

From: Harvested wood products and REDD+: looking beyond the forest border

Factor Minimum Maximum Mean Std. dev
Logging residues (1–5 times extracted timber) 874.0 4370.00 2622.00 1236.16
Mill residues (10–50 % of extracted timber) 87.40 437.00 262.200 123.61
Energy from mill residuals (10–50 % of mill residuals converted for energetic use) 8.74 218.50 78.660 55.28
Lignite substituting energy from mill residuals (effective CO2) 7.88 197.00 70.920 49.84
Oil substituting energy from mill residuals (effective CO2) 6.04 151.00 54.360 38.20
Gas substituting energy from mill residuals (effective CO2) 4.38 109.50 39.420 27.70
Lignite substituting energy from mill residuals (lifecycle CO2) 8.97 224.25 80.73 56.74
Oil substituting energy from mill residuals (lifecycle CO2) 6.80 170.00 61.20 43.01
Gas substituting energy from mill residuals (lifecycle CO2) 4.92 123.00 44.28 31.12
Displacement factor (1–5) 812.82 8778.46 3982.82 2139.98
Energy from HWPs at end of lifecycle (10–60 %) 43.70 417.96 214.13 115.05
Lignite substituting energy from HWPsa (effective CO2) 39.40 425.52 193.060 103.73
Oil substituting energy from HWPsa (effective CO2) 30.20 326.16 147.980 79.51
Gas substituting energy from HWPsa (effective CO2) 21.90 236.52 107.310 57.65
Lignite substituting energy from HWPsa (lifecycle CO2) 44.85 482.38 219.77 118.08
Oil substituting energy from HWPsa (lifecycle CO2) 34.00 367.20 166.60 89.51
Gas substituting energy from HWPsa (lifecycle CO2) 24.60 265.68 120.54 64.77
  1. aHWPs 50–90 % of extracted timber
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