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Table 1 Grand mean ± standard error of selected properties of the soils in the cocoa ecosystems for region (n = 24), system (n = 24) and depth (n = 16)

From: Carbon storage in Ghanaian cocoa ecosystems

Factor Treatment Bulk density (Mg/m3) Clay Sand Silt Moisture C
(%)
Region Eastern 1.5 ± 0.1 8.3 ± 0.6 51 ± 2 40 ± 1 14.7 ± 0.7 0.7 ± 0.1
Western 1.6 ± 0.1 11.7 ± 0.6 52 ± 2 38 ± 1 14.7 ± 0.7 1.5 ± 0.1
System Shaded 1.6 ± 0.1 10.5 ± 0.6 53 ± 2 36 ± 1 14.8 ± 0.7 1.0 ± 0.1
Unshaded 1.5 ± 0.1 9.6 ± 0.6 49 ± 2 41 ± 1 14.7 ± 0.7 1.3 ± 0.1
Soil depth 0–20 cm 1.1 ± 0.1 6.6 ± 0.7 53 ± 2 41 ± 1 17.9 ± 0.8 2.0 ± 0.1
20–40 cm 1.6 ± 0.1 9.9 ± 0.7 51 ± 2 39 ± 1 12.6 ± 0.8 0.8 ± 0.1
40–60 cm 1.9 ± 0.1 13.6 ± 0.7 50 ± 2 37 ± 1 13.7 ± 0.8 0.6 ± 0.1
  1. Age of farms appearing as covariate
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