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Table 5 The climatic characteristics of the selected tree species for carbon plantations.

From: Quantifying the effectiveness of climate change mitigation through forest plantations and carbon sequestration with an integrated land-use model

No Tree species   Corresponding PFT Tcold (°C) Moisture2 GDD5min
1 Eucalyptus camadulensis River red gum Tropical deciduous trees >15.5 0.45 to 0.8  
2 Eucalyptus grandis Rose gum Tropical evergreen trees >15.5 0.8 to 1.0  
3 Pinus radiate Radiata pine Temperate evergreen trees >5 0.55 to 0.95  
4 Populus nigra Black poplar Temperate deciduous trees -15 to 15.5 0.65 to 1.0 1200
5 Picea abies Norway spruce Boreal evergreen trees -35 to -2 0.75 to 1.0 350
6 Larix kaempferi Japanese Larch Boreal deciduous trees < 5 0.65 to 1.0 350
  1. 1 Tcold is the average temperature of the coldest month.
  2. 2Moisture is expressed as the ratio between actual and potential evapotranspiration [70]. The lower end of the range may decrease due to increasing Water Use Efficiency. This is the result of increasing atmospheric CO2 levels.
  3. 3 GDD5min is the minimum degree-day sum for establishment (considering a 5°C base).