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Table 5 Additionality Test of Indian projects on wind power

From: Potential of wind power projects under the Clean Development Mechanism in India

Title Methodology Investment Analysis Barrier Analysis Investment and Barrier Analysis Identification of alternatives Institutional/Regulatory Barriers Technology Barriers Common Practice Analysis Impact of CDM registration Remarks
Nagda Hills (6.25 MW) Wind Energy Project AMS-I.D. √, I/IR/PP × PLF = 29%; IRR without CDM ~ 9.8%; IRR with CDM ~ 13.5%.
12.3 MW wind energy project in Tamil nadu, India AMS-I.D. √, I/IR/T/PP × PLF = 22%; IRR without CDM ~ 12.9%; IRR with CDM ~ 13.4%.
14.8 MW small-scale grid connected wind power project in Jaisalmer state Rajasthan AMS-I.D. √, I/PP × × × × The PLF was considered as 25% before the WEGs started operating, it was later found out to be less than 18%. IRR of the project activity reduced to less than 10% after the execution of the project.
Bundled Wind power project in Jaisalmer, Rajasthan (58.2 MW) ACM2 √, I/IR/PP × × PLF at 22.28% (IRR = 9.2% without CDM and 14.6% with CDM); PLF at 25.28% (IRR = 11.0% without CDM and IRR = 17.1% with CDM).
Bundled wind power project in Chitradurga (Karnataka in India) managed by Enercon (India) Ltd. (16.8 MW) ACM2 √, I/PP × × PLF at 26% (IRR = 9.5% without CDM and 11.5% with CDM); PLF at 30% (IRR = 14.8% without CDM and IRR = 17.4% with CDM).
3.75 MW Small Scale Grid Connected "Demonstration Wind Farm Project" at Chalkewadi, District Satara, State Maharashtra AMS-I.D. × √, I/IR/T × × × × PLF = 18 – 20%; The investor saw CDM revenue as a risk mitigation against these uncertainties.
11.35 MW Grid Connected Wind Electricity Project at Pohra (Rajasthan) AMS-I.D. × √, I/IR/T × × × × PLF = 20 – 22%; The investor saw CDM revenue as a risk mitigation against these uncertainties.
10.6 MW wind farm at Village Badabagh, District Jaisalmer, Rajasthan. AMS-I.D. × √, I/IR/T × × × × PLF varies from 14.7 to 22.5%.
56.25 MW bundled wind energy project in Tirunelveli and Coimbatore districts in Tamilnadu ACM2 √, I/PP × × PLF = 14 – 17.5%; IRR = 10.1% without CDM and IRR = 12.1% with CDM.
5 MW Wind Project at Baramsar and Soda Mada, Jaisalmer, Rajasthan AMS-I.D. × √, I/IR/T × × × × Investment barriers exists.
7.5 MW wind farm of REI Agro Ltd. at Soda-Mada in the state of Rajasthan AMS-I.D. × √, I/IR × × × × × Investment barriers exists.
11.25 MW wind power project in Dhule, Maharashtra, India AMS-I.D. √, I × × × × × IRR without CDM ~ 14.17%; IRR with CDM ~ 21.59% which is above the acceptable bench mark IRR of 15.06%.
Wind Electricity Generation at Erakandurai, Dist:Tirunavalli by M/s GHCL Ltd AMS-I.D. √, I × × × × × PLF at 22.83%; IRR = 11.54% without CDM and 14.70% with CDM. Similarly, with PLF at 21.43%; IRR = 9.72% without CDM and 12.58% with CDM.
125 MW wind power project in Karnataka ACM2 √, I/PP IRR = 7.36% without CDM revenues and 7.87% with CDM revenues.
Generation of electricity from 6.25 MW capacity wind mills by Sun-n-Sand Hotels Pvt. Ltd at Soda Mada Rajasthan AMS-I.D. √, I/IR/T/PP PLF = 17 – 19%; IRR without CDM ~ 12.45%; IRR with CDM ~ 14.81%
Generation of electricity from 4 MW capacity wind mills by Sun-n-Sand Hotel group at Supa, Maharashtra AMS-I.D. √, I/IR/T/PP PLF = 20%; IRR without CDM ~ 13.76%; IRR with CDM ~ 16.53%
Generation of electricity from 2.5 MW capacity wind mills by Gujarat JHM Hotels Ltd. Ltd at Soda Mada, Rajasthan AMS-I.D. √, I/IR/T/PP PLF = 17 – 19%; IRR without CDM ~ 10.57%; IRR with CDM ~ 12.93%
Generation of electricity from 1.2 MW capacity wind mills by Sun-n-Sand Hotels Pvt. Ltd at Satara, Maharashtra AMS-I.D. √, I/IR/T/PP PLF = 22 – 25%; IRR without CDM ~ 16.84%; IRR with CDM ~ 19.86%.
15.4 MW wind farm at Satara District, Maharashtra* ACM2 × √, I/IR × × × PLF = 19.24%
4.2 MW Wind power project in Maharashtra, by Bharat Forge Limited* AMS-I.D. √, I/IR/T × × PLF = 13.09 – 23.96%; IRR without CDM ~ 14.3%; IRR with CDM ~ 16.4%.
  1. I: Investment barrier; T: Technological barrier; I/R.: Institutional and/or regulatory barriers; PP: Barriers due to the prevailing practice. *Reg. request
  2. Source: [33]