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Table 1 List of common issues and possible solutions, by sector [11]

From: Improving GHG inventories by regional information exchange: a report from Asia

Sector Types Identified common issues Suggested possible solutions
Energy Activity data Collection of data - Sharing experiences specifically relevant to the areas of transportaion, power plant, and heavy industry
  Emission factors Development of improved emission factors - Making tables for the values of local emission factors in Asia with assumptions adopted
  Quality assuarance and quality control (QA/QC) Implementation of QA/QC - Creating different database for comparison
- Recording routine process and assignments of each implementing agency
  Uncertainty assessment Implementation of uncertainty assessment - Following up and updating data and information
Agriculture Emission factors Development of regional specific emission factors - Implementing regional research projects
- Enhancing collaboration among experts
- Sharing database and experience
  Monitoring Establishment of network for GHG emissions monitoring  
  Financial resource Acquisition of funding for research and capacity development activities  
Land Use, Land-Use Change and Forestry (LULUCF) Activity data Adjustment of different level of details of forest categories and strata between states and provinces - Encouraging local research agencies and universities to conduct research and receive endorsement from relevant authority for the work
  Emission (Removal) factors Determination of the appropriate number of destructive sampling that is cost-effective - Obtaining additional data from other information sources, such as national inventories of other countries in the region
  Uncertainty Development of good activity data and emission factors for the key categories, which may be cost-ineffective - Applying the IPCC Good Practice Guidance and Uncertainty Management in National Greenhouse Gas Inventories in regions and/or provinces that significantly contribute to the emissions of the categories
  Institutional arrangements Frequent change of personnel engaged in inventory development - Institutionalising inventory work, at least at the level of national focal point
- Developing manuals in local language
Waste Activity data Collection of data, such as accurate waste generation amounts and degraded organic carbon - Encouraging local research agencies and universities to do site measurements in waste areas and to collect detailed information of waste treatment management levels
- Seeking support from local/relevant authorities for inventory work (etc.)
  Emission factors Development of improved emission factors in different countries or regions - Getting additional data from other information sources, such as national inventories of other countries in the region (etc.)
  Uncertainty Development of reliable activity data and emission factors, which can reduce uncertainty - Applying the IPCC Good Practice Guidance and Uncertainty Management in National Greenhouse Gas Inventories in regions and/or provinces that significantly contribute to the emissions of the categories (etc.)
  Institutional arrangements Inconsistency of working groups in the waste sector at the domestic and international levels - Developing manuals in local languages
- Establishing an international network for cooperating in the waste sector (etc.)
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