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Table 1 The effect of climate change on SOC (0–10 cm) and net primary production (NPP) between 1990 and 2100 for the major biogeographic regions of Australia.

From: The potential impact of climate change on Australia's soil organic carbon resources

IBRAaRegion IBRA Code SOC Lit.b1990 (Mt C) SOC Sim. (A) 1990 (Mt C) SOC B-A (%)c SOC C-A (%)c NPP A (g m-2) NPP B-A (%)c NPP C-A (%)c
Australian Alps AA 27.4 38.1 0.4 -3.7 1135 5.6 11.9
Avon Wheatbelt AW 97.9 117.0 0.4 -6.3 633 6.3 21.1
Ben Lomond BENd 52.7 86.2 0 -4.5 1023 6.4 17.8
Brigalow Belt North BBN 229.7 203.7 0.9 -6.5 1039 13.0 45.2
Brigalow Belt South BBS 408.8 571.4 0.8 -4.0 990 9.8 31.0
Broken Hill Complex BHC 59.3 46.1 -0.4 -11.3 438 10.3 35.1
Burt Plain BRT 28.0 37.9 0 -9.4 353 5.9 6.3
Central Arnhem CA 33.6 39.7 0.8 -10.9 1177 8.9 18.1
Carnarvon CAR 35.9 43.8 0.9 -6.7 377 12.8 43.6
Central Highlands CHd 151.9 171.4 -0.5 -9.6 1585 10.9 38.9
Channel Country CHC 119.2 149.6 0.6 -7.2 429 8.5 20.8
Central Kimberly CK 40.0 40.0 2.2 -3.6 590 9.2 19.4
Central Mackay Coast CMC 33.6 23.5 1.4 -6.4 1286 11.0 33.9
Coolgardie COO 122.3 129.2 0.2 -6.4 491 6.3 13.0
Cobar Peneplain CP 66.9 76.0 0 -8.9 540 12.7 47.8
Central Ranges CR 37.9 54.6 0.7 -6.1 421 4.8 -0.7
Cape York Peninsular CYP 150.1 174.6 2.7 -4.1 1808 9.8 23.0
D'Entercasteaux DE In BEN       
Daly Basin DABd 47.1 71.6 2.3 -5.8 1427 6.4 0.5
Desert Uplands DEU 80.5 92.8 0.6 -8.9 918 9.5 28.6
Damperland DL 46.6 53.0 2.0 -4.8 697 8.5 15.0
Darling Riverine Plain DRP 137.2 225.2 0.3 -6.5 958 11.8 43.0
Einasleigh Uplands EIU 124.9 206.6 1.3 -5.9 1372 8.1 17.0
Esperance Plains ESP 46.0 46.1 -0.1 -6.9 542 7.2 19.9
Eyre and York Blocks EYB 78.9 115.3 0 -6.9 797 6.8 17.5
Finke FIN 29.3 48.4 -0.2 -8.1 373 2.8 -9.5
Flinders/Olary Ranges FOR 30.2 54.6 -0.2 -7.4 455 2.2 -10.6
Freycinet FRE In BEN       
Gascoyne GAS 70.7 94.7 1.0 -5.6 419 8.6 20.0
Gawler GAW 31.4 49.0 0.1 -7.0 514 8.3 23.9
Gibson Desert GD 60.7 98.7 0.5 -4.6 331 6.8 14.1
Gulf Fall and Uplands GFU 69.6 90.5 0.7 -10.1 768 7.9 13.8
Geraldton Sandplains GS 44.8 24.8 1.3 -4.3 400 9.6 25.3
Great Sandy Desert GSD 153.9 216.6 1.1 -5.5 437 7.1 10.2
Gulf Coastal GUC 18.1 25.2 1.0 -9.2 959 8.7 17.4
Great Victoria Desert GVD 192.8 306.6 0.2 -6.2 383 5.0 3.0
Gulf Plains GUP 165.0 192.5 1.9 -4.5 951 8.9 18.6
Hampton HAM 4.8 10.6 -0.4 -7.4 459 2.3 -7.7
Jarrah Forest JF 59.9 71.0 -0.1 -6.8 674 6.5 16.6
Lofty Block LB 37.1 40.0 -0.6 -9.2 674 5.5 10.4
Little Sandy Desert LSD 42.8 54.7 1.1 -5.5 361 9.4 23.3
MacDonnell Ranges MAC 14.4 20.7 0 -8.4 373 3.4 -8.3
Mallee MAL 103.8 96.3 0 -6.8 528 7.2 18.9
Murray-Darling Depr. MDD 256.7 269.3 -0.3 -9.0 595 8.4 26.3
Mitchell Grass Downs MGD 199.6 239.5 0.8 -8.1 621 8.6 18.6
Mount Isa Inlier MII 43.2 36.2 1.8 -4.2 482 9.4 22.8
Mulga Lands ML 159.2 250.9 0.5 -7.3 669 11.2 37.3
Murchinson MUR 156.8 185.6 0.7 -6.0 423 8.1 18.6
Nandawar NAN 49.7 74.6 0.6 -3.2 1075 7.7 22.3
Naracoorte Coastal Pln. NCP 67.6 104.6 -0.8 -8.7 1130 4.8 9.8
New England Tableland NETd 193.4 234.9 1.1 -4.5 1729 7.5 18.5
North Kimberly NK 45.2 78.1 2.3 -5.9 1149 10.1 23.2
NSW North Coast NNC In NET       
NSW SW Slopes NSS 109.6 205.3 0.1 -6.0 945 10.2 36.7
Nullabor NUL 101.4 157.9 0.2 -5.9 404 4.7 3.7
Ord-Victoria Plains OVP 81.4 98.5 1.5 -6.9 775 8.1 13.4
Pilbara PIL 69.9 97.3 1.6 -5.0 538 7.1 8.8
Pine Creek-Arnhem PCA in DAB       
Riverina RIV 94.2 135.7 -0.1 -8.2 713 13.2 51.3
South East Corner SEC 64.3 103.7 -0.1 -4.4 1050 5.5 14.9
South East Queensland SEQ 143.0 150.7 1.2 -5.9 1596 9.4 26.8
Simp.Strzelecki Dune SSD 108.4 147.4 0.6 -4.5 293 5.5 6.1
SE Coastal Plain SCP 36.7 58.7 -0.1 -5.8 1099 5.9 14.6
SE Highlands SHE 178.9 243.7 0.1 -5.4 1015 8.2 26.4
Stony Plains STP 70.8 94.3 0.1 -7.8 305 5.6 5.5
Sturt Plateau STU 51.9 70.7 0.6 -10.7 713 7.6 11.0
Swan Coastal Plain SWA 19.7 30.0 0.5 -7.1 1315 8.4 23.5
Sydney Basin SB 85.8 122.2 0.1 -4.6 1072 6.7 19.5
Tanami TAN 123.5 201.7 0.7 -8.7 578 5.8 2.3
Tasmanian Midlands TM in BEN       
Top End Coastal TEC 62.5 76.6 2.5 -6.5 1827 9.1 16.4
Victorian Bonaparte VB 66.4 79.0 2.9 -3.5 1427 8.0 10.6
Vic Midlands VMd 92.3 176.6 -0.5 -8.2 1062 6.4 17.5
Vic Volcanic Plain VVP in VM       
Warren WAR 13.6 26.0 -0.2 -6.9 987 6.9 19.1
West and South West WSW in CH       
Woolnorth WOO in CH       
Wet Tropics WT 24.1 29.4 1.2 -9.8 1542 12.1 37.5
Yalgoo YAL 14.1 20.9 0.8 -5.6 415 8.1 21.9
Australian continente   6169.0 8107.0 0.6 -6.4 811 8.2 20.3
  1. aInterim Biogeographic Regionalization for Australia
  2. bbased on literature values of Spain et al. (1983)
  3. ccomparison of scenarios based on difference and expressed as a percentage where Scenario A, B and C are no, low and high global climate sensitivity to increased greenhouse gas concentrations, respectively
  4. dcomposite value
  5. eexcludes Furneaux chain of islands